Did you know that more than one billion people worldwide have mild or severe forms of hypovitaminosis D? It is a deficiency of vitamin D, which is found in people of all ages.
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If we know that vitamin D is mainly obtained from skin exposure to the sun, we can easily conclude that many people lack this vitamin. In the modern way of life, we sit and spend most of our time at home, whether at home, at work, in the car and the like.
That is why we lack vitamin D not only during the autumn and winter months, but throughout the year.
Another cause of hypovitaminosis D is living in a geographical location that limits us to the sun. Vitamin D deficiency is most common in people living in areas above 40 ° latitude or outside the equator, where there are fewer sunny days a year.
Which groups of people are particularly at risk of vitamin D deficiency?
One risk group is dark-skinned people, and the reason is that their skin needs to produce vitamin D during sun exposure.
In translation, people with lighter skin will absorb vitamin D through the skin, but they should be even more careful when exposed to the sun because their skin is more prone to the sun.
Another high-risk group is pregnant and lactating women. They have lower levels of vitamin D than other women. Therefore, many nursing mothers are advised to take vitamin D supplements to provide their children with enough of this vitamin through breast milk.
Puai should also pay attention to extra vitamin D intake, since pua reduces the ability to absorb a variety of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin D.
Certain health conditions also affect the reduced absorption of nutrients. For example, people suffering from intestinal diseases, such as Crohn’s disease or celiac disease, should also pay attention to their extra vitamin D intake.
Certain other groups of people at increased risk for hypovitaminosis D are people with chronic liver or kidney disease, and at increased risk are obese people and people over 65 years of age.
The most common symptoms of vitamin D deficiency
In addition to risk factors, vitamin D deficiency may be recognized if any of the following symptoms are noticed. For example, people who are deficient in vitamin D are more prone to infections.
It is known that this vitamin is key to strong immunity and has a preventive effect on seasonal colds and flu. So, if you have cold sores in the winter, a sore throat and a stuffy nose, vitamin D can help prevent this.
Another common symptom is bone and tooth problems.
Vitamin D is important for the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in our body, and these two minerals are most important for the health of our teeth and bones. People who are deficient in vitamin D are therefore more likely to have fragile bones, are more prone to bone fractures, and have an increased risk of developing osteoporosis in the long run.
Another symptom is problems with sensitive teeth or gums, and in children problems with the formation of dental plaque. Sufficient vitamin D can prevent tooth decay and reduce the risk of periodontitis, and is important for the successful integration of dental implants.
If you notice muscle weakness, cramps or pain in your spine or joints, this is another symptom of vitamin D deficiency.
Other common symptoms include fatigue, tiredness and sleep disturbances, leading to a vicious cycle of lack of energy. Some people, due to a lack of vitamin D, experience mood swings in the winter and are more prone to depressive states, also known as winter blues.
Vitamin D plays an important role in the synthesis of serotonin, a hormone that helps us regulate mood, so it is important to have enough to regulate mood.
If you have identified any of these symptoms that may be caused by vitamin D deficiency, consider ways to compensate for the levels of this important vitamin.