Does Croatia have the smallest sea in the world?

Photo: Peter Polic / Shutterstock

Photo: Peter Polic / Shutterstock

Three consecutive seas, the Adriatic, Novigrad and Karin, are a unique natural specificity in the world. But that beauty is not always there.

We owe this to the last ice age, which raised sea level to 100 meters, which caused the collapse of the entire Velebit canal and the formation of the Novigrad and Karin seas.

The Novski drill did not cut the sea because 40,000 years ago, when the sea was formed, it was not even here. The canyon was cut by the river Zrmanja, which in prehistory had a much greater force than the current one, writes HRT.

The Novsko drilling that connects the Adriatic with the Novigrad Sea is 4 kilometers long, 400 meters wide and has an average depth of 30 meters. The old red bridge of Masleniki connected the two coasts for 30 years from 1961 to 1991, when it was demolished in the Homeland War. The renovated Nou-Vell bridge was opened to traffic in 2005. It is 315 meters long and 55 meters above sea level.

Vena is a traffic alternative to the new bridge, an integral part of the motorway, opened to traffic in 1997. This reinforced concrete bridge is 377 meters long and almost twice as tall as the red bridge.

After a brief flight from the Adriatic, the Novigrad Sea opens up to the horizon, so small and so large with a maximum depth of 38 meters.

“The flora and fauna of the Novigrad and Karin seas are specific. We have sudden changes in this sea, the surface layer can be sweet due to the large inflow of water, it has a normal salinity in summer. We have strong winds that they change the sea, ”says Tomislav Ari of Zadar University. .

If you try it, you will feel that its salinity is much lower than that of the open sea. This is the merit of the beautiful Zrmanja, which brings twice as much water to the Novigrad Sea during its 69-kilometer journey than its volume. Ideal for seafood and the well-known Novigrad mussel.

“They admired the Novigrad Sea even before us. Spiridon Brusina, a famous naturalist, wrote about the Novigrad Sea in 1873 that there were the best seafood, the best mussels I had ever seen,” says Ari .

The tradition, through breeding, continues today. And while some are enjoying more and more farms in the sea of ​​mussels, many have begun to get upset.

“The resentment among the people is not a consequence of whether the sea can be managed or not, but visually it bothers them to see the farmers at sea,” says Ari.

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